#sorrynotsorry these posts will be a wall of Kanji.
As my vocabulary increases I will add more words to these
- 灰色 灰色猫 (grey cat）
- 黒 黒猫 (black cat）
- 白 白猫 (white cat）
- かわいい 猫はかわいい (cats are cute）
- 小麦色 小麦色猫 (tan cat）
- 暑い 今日は暑い (today is hot）暑すぎる (too hot）
Keeping in mind the subject-object-verb sentence structure.
I am attempting to consolidate my learning of verbs into their teinei and kudaketa versions.
As always, please feel free to use the comments below to correct, suggest, or otherwise.
Kudaketa is the dictionary form, and teinei is the polite form.
To create the polite form from the dictionary form you need to create the verb stem.
For ru-verbs, drop the る. For u-verbs, change the ‘u‘ sound to an ‘i‘ sound.
Except for する, this goes to し and くる, this goes to き.
For positive add the suffix –masu to the verb stem ます
For negative add the suffix –masen to the verb stem ません
kudaketa –> teinei –> phrase
Verbs I Have Learnt So Far
- 食べる 食べます おすしを食べます (Eat sushi)
- 読む 読みます 雑誌を読みます (Read magazine)
- 書く 書きます 研究ノートを書きます (Write study note)
- 勉強する 勉強します 私勉強します （I study)
- 料理する 料理します 照り焼きを料理します (Cook teriyaki)
- 飲む 飲みます 水を飲みます (Drink water)
- 着る 着ます 背広を着ます (Wear suit)
- 買う 買います 背広を買います (Buy suit)
- 愛する 愛します 彼女を愛ます (Love her)
- 好く 好きます 彼女を好きます (Like her)
- 好く 好きません 彼女を好きません (Don’t like her)
- 嫌う 嫌います 彼を嫌います (Hate him)
- 嫌う 嫌いません 彼を嫌いません (Don’t hate him)
- 求める 求めます おすしを求めます (Ask for sushi)
- 欲しい 欲しいます おすしを欲しいます (Want sushi)
- 会う 会います ひろを会います (Meet Hiro)
- 言う 言います りくさんは「六時に食べます」と言いました (Riku said, “I will eat at 6 o’clock”)
- 起きる 起きます りくは起きます （Riku Gets up)
- 寝る 寝ます りくを寝ます (Lie down Riku) [Also, go to bed, lie in bed, to sleep, to lie idle)
- 立つ 立ちます りくを立ちます (Stand Riku)
- 座る 座ます りくを座ます （Sit Riku)
- 走る 走ます りくを走ます （Run Riku)
- 足す 足します 七を足します （Add Seven)
- 引く 引きます 七を引きます （Subtract Seven）
- 着く 着きます 東京を着きます （Arrive Tokyo)
- 行く 行きます 東京を行きます （Go to Tokyo)
- 帰る 帰ります 家へ帰ります （Return home)
- 見る 見ます 鳥を見ます （See Bird) Also, watch, observe
- 聞く 聞きます 鳥を聞きます （Hear bird)
- 描く 描きます 鳥を描きます （Draw Bird)
- 探す 探します 鳥を探します （Look for bird)
- 晴れる 晴れます 今日を晴れます （Sunny today)
As I am a programmer and geek at heart I figured that the best way to start this JLPT journey was to follow in the great programmer’s tradition of making a “hello world” script.
Learnt so far
What I have learnt so far is:
Relationships between people are based around each other’s position. Based on their job, age, experience, etc. The person in the lower position is expected to use a more polite level of speech whilst the higher position may use a more plain form of speech. Two strangers would speak politely to each other.
- How you conjugate verbs will depend on the level of politeness you need to speak.
- For teinei, adding -masu or using desu can be sufficient,
- For keigo there are further rules including adding the prefix o or go to nouns and adding the suffix san to people’s names.
There are four ways to write:
- The two kanas, a logographic writing system that makes up the syllables that form part of the writing system
- Hiragana – is a cursive syllabary. You can technically write everything using hiragana however, it is common to use it for native Japanese words.
- Katakana – is an angular syllabary. It contains the same syllables as hiragana however, it is used to write foreign words and can be used to add a ‘cool’ stylist look to native words especially in marketing.
- Kanji – adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system. Kanji is used together with hiragana and katakana.
- Rōmaji – is a Latin script used to write Japanese characters.
About JLPT and Timeline
The Japanese Language Proficiency Test is a test performed twice a year worldwide for Japanese students.
There are five levels of proficiency that test students reading, vocabulary, grammar, and listening comprehension. These range from N5 to N1 and are referred to as JLPT N5, JLPT N4, etc…
- JLPT N5 – The student has the ability to understand some basic Japanese (easiest),
- JLPT N4 – The student has the ability to understand basic Japanese,
- JLPT N3 – The student has the ability to understand everyday Japanese to a certain degree,
- JLPT N2 – The student has the ability to understand everyday Japanese in a variety of circumstances to a certain degree,
- JLPT N1 – The student has the ability to understand Japanese used in a variety of circumstances (most difficult).
There is are two testing dates, Sunday 5th July 202 and Sunday 6th December 2020 with registration for the test dates opening a few months prior.
I am currently using the free apps DuoLingo, Drops, and HelloTalk along with various web sites to practice.
- DuoLingo state that their course has been designed within the JF Japanese language education framework (CEFR A1 or the basic ability to communicate) to give a basic level of understanding of Japanese with all the vocabulary and grammar to pass the JLPT at the N5 level.
So, it will be interesting to see how this works in reality.
- Drops is similar to a flashcard process where you are given a phrase within a group of phrases for a similar topic etc and a graphic depicting the item and you drill on the phrases.
- HelloTalk is a social media style application where you are paired up with people studying the same languages as you and you can converse, be corrected, and just put out general statuses.
Both DuoLingo and Drops give you the phrases with a limited explanation, so I am supplementing their drills with further reading.
I plan on obtaining some practice guides and/or workbooks as I progress. Genki 1/2 appears to come highly recommended, along with Clay Boutwell and Clayton MacKnight.